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Army publishes latest tactics manuals

May. 16, 2013 - 07:42AM   |  
Brig. Gen. Charles Flynn, acting director for the Combined Arms Center, holds Army Doctrine Publication 3-0, Unified Land Operations, the first of a series of new doctrine publications.
Brig. Gen. Charles Flynn, acting director for the Combined Arms Center, holds Army Doctrine Publication 3-0, Unified Land Operations, the first of a series of new doctrine publications. (Sgt. Maj. Pleasant L. Lindsey III / Army)
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To learn more about Doctrine 2015 or read the Army Doctrine Publications, Army Doctrine Reference Publications or field manuals, visit http://usacac.army.mil/cac2/MCCOE/Doctrine2015Tables.asp or http://www.apd.army.mil.

The Army continues to release new publications as part of its most comprehensive doctrine overhaul in decades.

The Army continues to release new publications as part of its most comprehensive doctrine overhaul in decades.

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The Army continues to release new publications as part of its most comprehensive doctrine overhaul in decades.

Doctrine 2015 aims to make the Army’s fundamental principles more accessible, relevant and user-friendly. Doctrine outlines the fundamentals of how the Army operates, and serves as a guide for all soldiers as they prepare to conduct operations and learn their essential tasks.

Under Doctrine 2015, the Army is publishing all-new Army Doctrine Publications, supporting documents and manuals, and mobile applications that place doctrine at soldiers’ fingertips.

“Every one of our manuals is being rewritten, and every one of them will have the best and latest information we have based on the lessons learned from the last 10 years,” said Clint Ancker, chief of the Combined Arms Doctrine Directorate, part of the Combined Arms Center at Fort Leavenworth, Kan.

So far, in 18 months, the Army has published its 15 Army Doctrine Publications, which outline fundamental principles such as leadership, intelligence, fires, special operations, sustainment and unified land operations.

It also has published 13 accompanying Army Doctrine Reference Publications, each of which provide detailed information on the topics outlined in the ADPs. Two more ADRPs are in the works and are scheduled to be published later this year.

This year, the Army’s doctrine gurus are focusing on producing 50 field manuals. Each of these manuals, which will be no more than 200 pages, will focus on tactics, Ancker said.

“There’s a manual for each branch of the Army, then some other supporting field manuals that deal with some other topics,” he said.

Examples include field manuals on aviation, signal, logistics, field artillery, engineers, Special Forces and military police, he said.

Ten of the field manuals have already been published, and 38 others will be out by the end of the year, Ancker said.

One of the first field manuals published was FM 3-13, Inform and Influence Activities. This is the first update to the manual since 2003, said Col. Chip Bircher, director of the Information Operations Proponent Office.

The document outlines how the Army and commanders can inform and influence specific audiences so they can make informed decisions, he said.

It discusses how commanders should conduct assessments, how to run soldier and leader engagements, and how to integrate capabilities such as public affairs, combat camera, human terrain teams and female engagement teams, Bircher said.

“The thing we learned in the last 12 years of conflict is the Army conducts operations in and amongst populations,” Bircher said. “The lesson learned was you have to include the key characteristics of the population, their culture, how to build trust, how to affect adversary decision making.”

Bircher cites as an example his two tours in Afghanistan. During his deployment in 2004, the Army was focused on the enemy. When he retuned in 2009, the focus had shifted to include reaching out to the local population, allies and partners in order to shape the environment, he said.

As the work on Doctrine 2015 continues, the Army also will produce Army Techniques Publications, which zero in even more closely on specific areas, Ancker said.

Thirty ATPs have already been published, and these ATPs are designed to be updated regularly, he said.

“That’s the most freewheeling of all the documents,” Ancker said. “Several of the ones we’ve already published are narrowly focused on a specific topic.”

For example, one ATP outlines specific techniques used by the chaplain corps to conduct memorials in the field. Another, using lessons learned from Afghanistan, provides soldiers with techniques on how to counter insider threats.

In all, about 320 ATPs are proposed, and Ancker anticipates more will be written as the need arises.

Throughout the process, the doctrine directorate has worked closely with the Center for Army Lessons Learned.

“What we’re trying to do is bring together knowledge from around the world, from where soldiers, [noncommissioned officers], officers are actually conducting work,” said Col. Tom Roe, director of the CALL.

By infusing lessons learned into doctrine, those best practices that come directly from soldiers can work their way into the institutional Army, Roe said.

“It’s all part of rapid adaptation, and it’s one of the top lessons learned from a decade of war,” Roe said. “We have to continue to foster rapid adaptation at all levels of the Army. We’ve got to leverage what’s learned through blood, sweat and tears out there and pass it on to later generations.”

When Doctrine 2015 is complete, “we will have rewritten every single doctrine publication in the Army between October 2011 and December 2015,” Ancker said. “It is a very significant undertaking.”

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