1941: Actor Jimmy Stewart enlisted for military service with the U.S. Army, later becoming the first Hollywood star to wear a military uniform in World War II. Stewart had attempted to enlist in the Army before, but came in underweight. As a bomber-pilot, Stewart flew missions over Europe with the Army Air Corps. When the separate U.S. Air Force was established, he would later serve in Vietnam, retiring from military service in 1968.  

Also today in history, in the U.S. and elsewhere: 

1622: Powhattan led the first Indian massacre of English settlers (347 killed) in Jamestown, Virginia.

1945: The U.S. Third Army, led by General George S. Patton Jr., crossed the Rhine at Nierstein. 

1979: The Provisional Irish Republican Army set off 24 bombs in various locations across Northern Ireland and assassinates Richard Sykes, British ambassador to the Netherlands in Den Haag.

1982: After having been invaded by Saddam Hussein's Iraq, Iran went on the offensive.

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