1945: Then-2nd Lt. Audie Murphy made a one-man stand against German tanks and infantry for which he received the Medal of Honor. Read Murphy's Medal of Honor citation on the Military Times Hall of Valor.

Audie Murphy, then a 24-year-old Texan, points to St. Tropez on a map of France, during a press conference in New York City on July 2, 1948.

Photo Credit: Anthony Camerano/AP

Also today in history, in the U.S. and elsewhere:

1564: The Grand Duchy of Lithuania defeated the Russians in the Battle of Ula.

1939: Spanish Nationalist and Italian forces took Barcelona.

1945: Soviet forces began encircling the German Fourth Army at Heiligenbeil, East Prussia, which resulted in that army's annihilation two months later.

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