Also today in history, in the U.S. and elsewhere:
AD 70: Romans led by Titus Flavius Caesar Vespasianus breach Jerusalem's Second Wall; its Jewish Zealot defenders fall back to the First Wall to fight on. Meanwhile, the Romans create a circumvallation, cutting down all threes within a 15-kilometer radius. Looking for more ancient Roman history? Historynet.com has your answers.
1434: In the Battle of Lipany (or Cesky Brod), Bohemia, Ultraquist forces under Miles Biorek of Militinek defeat the Taborites under Prokop the Great, effectively bringing the Hussite Rebellion to an end.
1574: In the Battle of Lillo (off what is now Belgium), Dutch seamen under Lodewijk van Boisot defeat a Spanish fleet under Juan Adolf van Haamstede, capturing 10 ships for the loss of none.
1864: In the Battle of Old Church, a Union cavalry division under Brig. Gen. Alfred T. A. Torbert clash with Brig. Gen. Matthew C. Butler's Confederate cavalry brigade at Matadequin Creek and drive it back to within 1.5 miles of Old Cold Harbor, Va., with 188 casualties to 90 Union.
1937: Chicago police gun down and kill 10 unionized labor demonstrators at the Republic Steel Plant in what comes to be called the Memorial Day Massacre.